I have a new article at Yale Global, an e-magazine published by the Center for the Study of Globalization at Yale University, "Globalizing Insurgency in Somalia," about transnational recruitment by the Somali Islamist insurgent movement Harakat al-Shabab al-Mujahideen ("Al-Shabab," "Al-Shabaab", Movement of the Warrior-Youth).
The abstract of the article reads:
"The Somali Al Qaeda–linked insurgent movement al-Shabab has ruled most of southern and central Somalia, including the capital city of Mogadishu, since mid-2008. Originating as the most radical wing of the military arm of the Islamic Courts Union coalition, the movement delivered relative law and order and peace to Somalia in 2006. Since then, al-Shabab has moved ideologically closer to the transnational Sunni jihadi trend exemplified by Al Qaeda. In need of fighters, al-Shabab has recruited members of Somali diaspora communities in North America, Europe, East Africa, the Arab world, and Australia as well as non-Somali Muslims, explains Christopher Anzalone. With severe drought gripping the entire regions, tens of thousands of Somalis stream toward the southern border, both official and makeshift refugee camps. Al-Shabab’s relief efforts are inadequate and old grudges with some international food programs add to an overwhelming crisis. But recruitment from the Somali diaspora continues."
Read the rest at YALE GLOBAL.