Saturday, March 27, 2010

Enjoining the Right & Forbidding the Wrong: Taqi al-Din Ahmad ibn Taymiyyah

Ghazan Kahn (1271-1304) converts to Islam (1295)

Below is an embed of a monograph by the influential medieval Sunni Hanbali jurist Shaykh al-Islam Taqī ad-Dīn Abu 'l-ʿAbbās Ahmad ibn ʿAbd al-Ḥalīm ibn ʿAbd as-Salām Ibn Taymiya al-Ḥarrānī (1263-1328), a native of Syria, concerning "enjoining the right and forbidding the wrong," a key concept in Muslim belief: امر بالمعروف و نهى عن المنكر. Known more commonly as Ibn Taymiyyah, he has been much maligned as the "father" of modern Sunni Muslim radicalism. He is also reviled and attacked by Shi'i Muslims because of his highly critical views of Shi'i religious beliefs and practices, which he argued were outside the boundaries of Islam. Ibn Taymiyyah is frequently the subject of Twelver Shi'i polemicists and preachers. Many of those who speak about him or are ignorant of the historical context that certainly influenced his writings. Living in the immediate aftermath of the Il-Khanid Mongol conquest of Iraq and Syria, Ibn Taymiyyah was suspicious of the conversion of later descendants of Hulagu, one of Jenghiz (Genghis) Khan's grandsons. His famous juridical opinion (fatwa) permitting the Sunni Mamluks of Egypt to wage war on the newly-Muslim Il-Khanids based in what is now modern day Iran was issued partly due to this suspicion. He was critical of the Il-Khanids' decision not to use Islamic law (Shari'a) and their retaining of Mongol tribal law (Yasa).

Enjoining Right and Forbidding Wrong
Taqi al-Din ibn Taymiyyah

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